What should you include in your portfolio?
Your portfolio should consist of four basic components:
Work samples are authentic products or by-products of your activities that demonstrate your skills, knowledge, attitudes and abilities. They should be presented in a manner that is logical, appealing and easy to understand. The work samples may have resulted from individual or group work, in or outside of school. They do not have to be restricted to work completed in class or as a direct result from your program of study. They should demonstrate acheivement of both program standards and your professional goals.
Examples of acceptable portfolio items include, but are not limited to:
- Written reports
- Computer generated documents or files
- Video and/or Audio clips
- Supervisor Evaluations
- Peer Evaluations
- Self Evaluations
- Instructional Materials
- Diagrams and/or Pictures
- Research Proposals and/or Papers
- Samples of work or experiences completed outside of courses but directly related to professional goals and instructional technology.
- Lesson plans
- Trip Reports
- Class Assignments and/or Projects
- Reflective Journal Entries
- Graphics and/or Artwork
- Opinion Papers and/or Concept Papers
- Records of Professional Development Activities
- Pieces of Programming Code
- Flowcharts and Storyboards
- Sample Screen Shots
- Executive Summaries of Reports
In short, many different types of work samples can be included in your portfolio as evidence of your skills and knowledge. However, it is important to remember that your portfolio will be a public record of your skills and knowledge and thus, should represent your best work. When selecting work samples to be included in your portfolio, you should keep in mind that:
- actual work samples provide a more objective measure of your skill and knowledge than evaluations by others, awards and/or endorsements. You may include such items in your protfolio, but we recommend that you do so sparingly. Focus on using samples of your own work to illustrate your skills and knowledge to others.
- when submitting group projects, you must explain your specific contributions to the project. The ability to work effectively in teams is greatly valued in this field so we do recommend submitting group projects as an integral part of your portfolio. However, it is important to note specifically what you did and what your roles and responsibilities were in the process. Be sure to note specific contributions to both the product(s) as well as the process. The description of your contributions to group projects may be included in your portfolio narrative or as an addition to your work sample.
- the work samples should demonstrate both the acheivement of program standards and your professional goals. If your goal is to work as a training developer in business and industry, a lesson plan of how you would integrate technology into a 6th grade class may not be as appropriate as an instructor's guide or a sample of web-based training. Remember, the program standards have been written so that you can adapt them to your own professional goals. Be sure you do so when selecting work samples and writing your narrative.
- your work must be presented both effectively and efficiently. Your portfolio should be designed for people who have the time to look at every page, as well as for those who do not have time to look at every page. One of the primary benefits of hyperlinks and hypermedia is that you can present the most important information, in a condensed format, at the primary level and then link to more detailed and supporting materials for those that are interested. For example, if you completed a major report or thesis, do not include an entire copy of your report on your primary level. Rather, include an abstract or executive summary at the primary level with links to your entire work.
Program Standards and Related Assessment Rubrics
A complete set of the 12 Instructional Design & Technology Program standards, along with the assessment rubrics that have been generated for each standard should be included in your portfolio. You may choose to include the standards and assessment rubrics as an appendix to your portfolio or you may choose to embed them as an integral part of your portfolio (see "How should your portfolio be organized?" for further details). It is important to include the standards and assessment rubrics to help reviewers determine if you have meet the program standards and to evaluate the quality of your work. It is also important that you describe how you addressed each program standard based on your interests and chosen career path (see "Narrative Description" below).
The narrative description of your portfolio should:
- state your professional goals;
- identify selected program standards (from list of required and optional program standards) and describe how your professional goals relate to selected program standards;
- describe what you did to obtain your goals, develop your skills and knowledge throughout your program of study and produce the work samples;
- explain how each of your work samples demonstrate progress towared or achievement of your professional goals and program standards;
- reflect on your experiences (e.g., what experiences did you find particularly useful, what were less useful and why); and
- identify required and/or desired areas for future learning.
The narrative may be a separate section of your portfolio, or it may be woven into your portfolio (see section on "How should your portfolio be organized?" for further details). It should be written in simple English, use first person, and avoid technical jargon and academic prose as much as possible.
In addition to your work samples, your portfolio should include:
- your professional resume or curriculum vitae if you are seeking an academic position in higher education;
- a list of at least 3 professional references, including title and contact information, along with a brief statement indicating why you selected the particular individual to be included in your reference list; and
- a copy of your official program of study. You should list the courses you've taken during your program of study, along with dates when you too the course and the grade you received for the course.
Your resume, references and program of study may be included at the beginning or toward the end of your portfolio (see section on "How should your portfolio be organized?" for further details).